Office Of Grand Ayatollah Sayyed M.S.Al-Hakeem

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Q [1]  Can someone do Tayammum rather than Ghusl in the following situations?
1. If somebody has done Ghusl many times and has been affected by too many doubts and taking too much time and using a lot of water, because surety comes very hard for him, and when he finishes his body is under pain.
2. If he is in a hurry for a job or something important that he thinks he will be late for if he does Ghusl?
It is not permissible to do Tayammum instead of Ghusl in the said cases as long as water is available. Our advice to you is to economize in spending water, avoid extravagance and perform Ghusl in a balanced way and without paying attention to doubts; having said that, using excessive amount of water in Ghusl does not invalidate it.
Q [2]  When I am at work, I have to do wudhū for prayers in the sinks of the toilet area. I dislike taking my shoes off and doing wudhū because I have a strong feeling of najāsah on the ground there. Also, I wear leather shoes, and I do not know in which country they were manufactured nor if the animal was slaughtered in the correct way. Am I allowed to perform tayammum in regards to prayers or can I do wudhū with my shoes on?
Tayammum in this case is not sufficient, as it is possible to perform the prayer in a different place, even if you perform it towards the end of its prescribed time.
The leather is considered najis if it was not from an Islamic country but if you were living in an Islamic country, then the leather is considered to be tāhir.
Q [3]  As my wife has a skin disease, which is called neurodermitis, the doctor told her to take a shower as less as possible (e.g. only once a week). What are the rules for her in respect to her Ghusl. Is she allowed to perform Tayyamum? e.g. after she had her menstrual bleeding, because taking a shower could harm her skin?
With the fear that performing Ghusl harms her health, it is permissible for her to perform Tayammum.
Q [4]  If one wakes up in a state of Janabah between Fajr and sunrise, but does not think he will have enough time to perform ghusl and pray due to there only being a relatively short time until sunrise, what is he expected to do?
If he expects, although he may not be sure, to have sufficient time to offer the prayer completely in addition to performing the ghusl before it before sunrise, then he should do the ghusl and perform the prayer.
If he anticipates that he has sufficient time to offer part of the prayer only before dawn after performing ghusl, then as an obligatory precaution he should perform the ghusl and offer the prayer even if some of it is after sunrise.
If he realizes that he will not be able to offer any part of the prayer before sunrise, then it is better to perform the Tayammum and the prayer before sunrise, and then perform the Ghusl and repeat the prayer after sunrise.
Q [5]  If a part of the body is wounded and treated with alcohol-based medication, and it is impossible to wash that area with water, is it necessary to perform tayammum instead of wudhū?
If the najasah is in the parts of the wudhū then one must perform tayammum instead.
Q [6]  Can we do Tayammum with plaster of Paris?
It is permissible to perform Taymmum with cement and plaster and the like of which originates from earth and then heated in fire.
Q [7]  After doing Tayammum instead of Ghusl, can I perform Wudhu for prayers?
Yes, if you performed the Tayammum instead of Ghusl of Janabah and a minor occurrence happened to you like sleeping or urinating, you should perform Tayammum instead of Wudhu before your prayer becomes valid.
Q [8]  If one performs Tayammum instead of Ghusl of Janabah, how long will its Taharah last? Is its affect the same as that for the Ghusl, so it lasts until the next time one sustains a major occurrence (Hadath Akbar) like Janabah, menstruation or touching a dead body?
The Tayammum becomes invalid with the elimination of the excuse that caused one to perform Tayammum; like if the patient who performed the Tayammum instead of Ghusl due to his illness was cured, then Ghusl becomes obligatory. It becomes invalid also if the excuse continued but the individual sustained another major occurrence (Hadath Akbar).

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