Office Of Grand Ayatollah Sayyed M.S.Al-Hakeem

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Traveler’s Prayer
Q [1]  My father’s home town is in Lebanon, and I was born in Canada and I currently live there. Do I consider the hometown of my father as my own? Also if my father has died do I also still regard it as my hometown?
It is not considered as your hometown unless you live in it and intend to consider it as your hometown.
Q [2]  If I travel to my brother-in-law's home which is 30 km away, can I keep fasting?
Traveling this much makes one a traveler as defined by the Sharia, and this obligates the shortening of prayers and prevents one from fasting.
Q [3]  If one travels about 20 kilometers, and then decides to travel another 30 kilometers, and both of these distances add up to 50 kilometers which is more than the sharia-defined distance for the traveler (i.e. 46 kilometers), should he offer shortened prayers or full prayers?
One should offer shortened prayer in the said case.
Q [4]  I work at site that is 500 kilometers from my home for 7 days and I stay at a camp there for that duration. I then return home for 7 days. This will continue for another year. When I am at the work site, should I offer complete prayers or shortened (qasr) prayers?
You should offer full prayers at the work site. During your journey between your home and your work place, you should offer shortened (qasr) prayers.
Q [5]  I am an employee of a tour company. Customers of the company can order a trip to the various sites that are from my town at a distance of more than 23 kilometers, and a representative of the company accompanies them. The number of such trips are dependent on demand, but in practice occur once a week, twice a week or every two weeks. Moreover, one employee will not be required to go on every tour. In such a situation, will the person be deemed as a traveler and required to offer shortened prayers?
If the duration of travel is less than the duration of not travelling, he is considered as a traveler, and is required to shorten his prayers while he is travelling.
Q [6]  I have two homes, one in a city and another at my native village, and the distance between them is about is 200 km. I mainly work and live in the city and visit my village every month or so for a few days. What is the ruling of fasting and praying there?
As long as the native village was your hometown where you used to live and you did not abandon it – i.e. you still consider it as your home town – then your prayer must be offered in full and you can fast as well while you are staying there.
Q [7]  I was born in a particular place where my grandparents still own properties as well as my uncles and other relatives, who are all living there. I often visit the place during the summer vacation for a short period. During my stay there, do I offer full or shortened prayers?
If you migrated from this place and resided somewhere else then you offer shortened prayers when you visit it, unless you have not abandoned the place as your hometown.
Q [8]  My parents live in another city where I was brought up and I visit them in summer vacations for short periods of less than 10 days. Should I offer full or shortened prayers in that city?
If the said place is where you lived and then you abandoned it then you are a traveler when you visit it. If you did not abandon it and you still consider it as your hometown, then you should offer pray full prayers when you are there.
Q [9]  I have been working for a number of years in a city, which I will be passing by on my way from Umrah to another destination. While I am passing by this city, should I offer full or shortened prayers?
If it was a place of residence, then you should offer full prayers.
Q [10]  If I am an engineering student and live a distance of 276 miles from my home city, if I go home during holidays and I went to college for some important work for 2-3 days, would my prayers be shortened and can I fast?
Apparently, the mentioned place is a place of residence as long as you live in it during the years of study. If this is the case, then when you pass by it during the holidays then you pray full and fast.

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