Office Of Grand Ayatollah Sayyed M.S.Al-Hakeem


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Menstruation
Q [1]  When does the woman reach the age of menopause as per the sharia?
If the woman was not a descendant of Qurasih, then the time of the Sharia-defined menopause is the age of fifty years. If she was a descendant of Quraish, then this time begins at the age of sixty years. However, if she knows that the blood that she has discharges is menstruation, even if her age is above the age of sharia defined menopause, she should apply the laws of menstruation to it.
Q [2]  For those who have a Sayyida mother, but whose father is not a Sayyid, do they follow the rules of being from Quraish in ascertaining the age of menopause?
The religious laws that depend on the age of menopause are based on being from Quraish from the father’s side.
Q [3]  If I see menstrual-type bleeding for two days, then it stops for a day, and then the bleeding starts again and continues for another five days, will I consider all of it to be menstruation, or will I consider the first two days to be istihādha?
The bleeding is not considered as menstruation unless it lasts for a total of three days – even if it is separated with gaps – within a period of ten days. In the said circumstance, all of the bleeding will be considered menstruation.
Q [4]  If during the first day of the menstruation a woman has menstrual bleeding, and then no bleeding for two days, and the following day she sees the bleeding for two days again, is it necessary for her to observe the rules of menstruation during the clear days?
In this situation, the woman should have the ghusl of menstruation and she offer the prayers during the clean days. If she did not do so then she must offer the prayers as qadha.
She should consider the periods of bleeding as menstruation, even if they were separated by clean periods.
Q [5]  Is intercourse allowed during the period of blood stains or spotting prior to the menstrual cycle?
If the woman sees spots of blood before the set day of her period by a day or two, such blood is considered as menstrual blood and it is prohibited to have sexual intercourse during such time.
Q [6]  If a woman is in her period, is there any restriction to the amount of Quran she may recite? Could she, for example, complete the entire Quran whilst on her period?
Such recitation is permissible although it is disliked, except that it is prohibited for her to recite the verses of prostration.
Q [7]  If on the first night of marriage the wife is having menstruation period, is sex forbidden?
It is prohibited to have sexual intercourse in the time of menstruation. Other sexual activities are permissible.
Q [8]  What is the kaffārah for having intercourse with the spouse during menstruation?
There is no obligatory kaffārah but it is recommended. The recommended kaffārah is 4.25 gm. of gold or its worth if the sexual intercourse was in the beginning of menstruation, half of this amount if it was in the middle of menstruation and its quarter if it occurred at the end.
It is sufficient to pay the value of the gold.
Q [9]  If the Dhuhr (noon) time has come, and after some time a woman starts her menstrual period before she started performing the prayer, is she still liable to offer the prayer?
If the woman starts the menstruation after the end of the preferred time of the prayer, she should make up this missed prayer after the end of the menstrual period as Qadha. In fact, as an obligatory precaution, she should still make up the missed prayer if sufficient time had passed for her to offer the prayer before the start of her period.
Q [10]  Can a woman during her menstrual period undertake a recommended ghusl (for example, the ghusl of Friday or the Night of Power)?
Yes, it is permissible with the hope that such ghusl is desired by Almighty Allah.

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