Office Of Grand Ayatollah Sayyed M.S.Al-Hakeem

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Congregational Prayer
Q [1]  Can I join the congregational prayer when I do not know which Rak’ah the imam is currently in?
You can join the congregational prayer and do the appropriate tasks for your prayer after that.
Q [2]  Can we offer the prayer of Eid-ul-Ghadeer in congregation?
No, it is not offered in congregational.
Q [3]  During congregational prayers, if I am to continue prayers while the imam is reciting the tashahhud and tasleem of the last rak’ah (unit), I put my hands on the floor, raise my knees and wait for the imam, but do I have to wait until he finishes the tasleem, or can I stand up when he starts the tasleem?
It is better to wait for the imam of the congregational prayer to end his prayer, but one may leave the congregation and continue his prayer alone before that.
Q [4]  Someone joins the congregational prayer while the imam is in the bowing position, but he later changes his intention not to follow the imam. He subsequently decides to follow him again during the same prayer. Can he do so?
If he intended to break the congregational prayer and pray alone, and then he or the imam had performed an act of prayer, then he has left the congregational prayer and must complete his prayer alone. Rather, the same is the case if neither of them performed any act, as an obligatory precaution.
Q [5]  Is it possible to join in the 4th Raka'ah of the imam after the bowing has already been completed? If so, then how?
Yes, it is possible to join after the last bow by reciting Takbeeratul-Ihram (“Allahu Akbar”) and following the imam in prostration until the imam finishes the prayer. The prayer is continued – without counting the prostration with the imam as part of the first raka'ah – by standing for his first raka’ah without reciting Takbeeratul-Ihram again.
Q [6]  Can I join the congregational prayer in the prostration of the first Raka’ah but not consider that as the first Raka’ah for myself, or is that only allowed when I am sure the imam is in the last Raka’ah?
Yes, you can and that is not limited to the last Raka’ah.
Q [7]  Is it true that if the congregational prayer is some distance away and I come into the prayer hall and the Imam is in the bowing position, I can do Takbeeratul-Ihram and bow down where I am and walk in the state of bowing to join the congregation?
When present in the place of congregational prayer, one can recite Takbeeratul-Ihram – even if not close to the group of the congregation – and walk even during prostration to join the congregation.
Q [8]  If a couple in the West are not officially married and they have a child and they get married after a year, can their child lead prayers since they were together but just not officially?
If the parents were non-Muslims at the time of conceiving the child, and if the relationship between them was legitimately recognized by their religion, then the child is considered to be from a legitimate birth and can lead the prayers.
If the relationship was not religiously recognized in their religion, then he cannot lead the prayers even after embracing Islam.
If the parents were Muslims at the time of conceiving the child and the relationship was governed by a religiously-accepted marriage contract – even if it is verbal and not recognized by the state – then the child is recognized as their legitimate child and therefore he can lead the prayers.
If there was no such religious contract, then the child is not from a legitimate birth and then cannot lead the prayers.
Q [9]  If the father is a Muslim and the mother is a Christian, can their son lead congregational prayers if they were not married before he was born?
If the parents of the child were married – according to the each of their religion that they followed at the time the child was conceived, then he can lead the prayer when he becomes an adult.
Q [10]  I am western and converted to Islam, my parents are not Muslims, and I am of illegitimate birth. Can I lead a congregational prayer?
The sexual relations that lead to having a baby, if it was based on a form of marriage, even if it was not Islamic, the child born from such a marriage will be considered to be from legitimate birth, and it is permissible for such a person to lead the congregational prayer.
If the aforementioned relation of the parents was not based on such a marriage, then the child is not considered from legitimate birth and cannot lead the prayers.

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