Office Of Grand Ayatollah Sayyed M.S.Al-Hakeem


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Zakat
Q [1]  Please could you explain why it has become widely circulated that the Shias pay the Khums, while the payment of Zakat is not common amongst them, although I know that they are both equally obligatory?

Zakat is among the obligations that have been emphasized by the Holy Quran and the traditions of the Prophet and the Ahlulbait (peace be upon them). Not paying it is considered among the major sins for which Allah has promised hell fire.
The jurists have explained the conditions and the rulings about Zakat in their books. It is obligatory on the following three groups:
(1) Gold and silver minted coins.
(2) The four crops: wheat, barley, raisins and dates.
(3) The three cattle: camels, cows, and goats and sheep.
Gold and silver coins are not used as tender nowadays, so the Zakat on this group does not apply. The Zakat on the other items are not obligatory unless their quantity reach a particular amount, which most people do not possess nowadays. One can see the application of obligatory Zakat is much less than Khums, which is obligatory on all net income, as Allah has said: “And know that whatever ye take as spoils of war, lo! a fifth thereof is for Allah, and for the messenger and for the kinsman (who hath need) and orphans and the needy and the wayfarer” (8:41).The condition of the obligation of Khums, which is the existence of a net income, applies to almost everybody, however little it may be. On the other hand, Zakat is only applicable for those who own the mentioned crops and cattle.
Q [2]  Do I have to pay any Zakat on my monthly salary?
Zakat is not obligatory on the monthly salary. Instead, Khums is applicable if certain conditions are met.
Q [3]  Is payment of zakat on any amount of money is obligatory and what are the conditions to be met, if any?
It is not obligatory to pay the Zakat on cash, as it is not one of the nine things upon which Zakat is obligatory. However, it is obligatory to pay Khums if the necessary conditions are met.
Q [4]  What are the ways to know if someone is a Sayyid? And what are the consequences in the Islamic sharia of being a Sayyid?
Sayyids are the descendants of Hashim bin Abid Manaf. Such linage is proven by knowledge, by the witness of two just people or by it being widely-known that leads to being confident about it. The religious effects of being a Sayyid are the eligibility to collect the Sayyid’s share from the khums in the case of poverty and the prohibition to collect the zakat from a non Sayyid.
Q [5]  My wife and I are both working. We have a joint current account into which both our salaries are deposited. Is Zakat due on my bank account balance that remains at the end of our financial year?
The balance in the bank account is not subject to Zakat.
Q [6]  My wife has some gold jewelry which she wears occasionally, and it is about 120 grams in all. Is zakat due on this?
There is no Zakat on gold jewelry.
Q [7]  We have two cats; both are over four years old. Are they liable for Zakat?
There is no zakat on cats.
Q [8]  Is Zakatul-Fitra obligatory on someone whose income can meet his annual needs?
This Zakat is obligatory even on those whose income cannot meet his annual expenses.
Q [9]  I did not fast during this month of Ramadhan due to illness. Does this mean that I do not have to pay Zakat ul-Fitrah?
A duty bound individual who is not needy as per the Sharia is obligated to pay the Fitra for himself and whoever he maintains even if he did not fast that month.
Q [10]  Is it permissible to pay Zakat al-Fitrah to a needy person who did not fast the month of Ramadhan?
If the needy person did not fast during the holy month for a valid reason accepted by the Sharia, then it is permissible to give him Zakat al-Fitrah. If he abstained from fasting without a justifiable reason, then it is not permissible to pay it to him based on an obligatory precaution.

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