How to Perform the Daily Prayer:
After you have fulfilled the conditions of the prayer and its preliminaries, you are ready to offer it.
Intend to say the prayer you want to do it. By intention, we mean that you decide with yourself to perform the steps of the prayer with the intentions that it is for the sake of getting closer to Almighty Allah. If you intended to offer the morning prayer, you intend to do the actions of that particular prayer for the sake of getting closer to Almighty Allah. The same is said with regards to noon, aftternoon, sunset and night prayers. It is not necessary to utter the meaning of the intention. However, it is recommended to pay attention to the prayer while offering it. Almighty Allah said: “Successful indeed are the believers, who are humble in their prayers” (23:1-2).
With the intention, you raise your hand as per the picture and recite: Allahu Akbar. This is called Takbeerat-ul-Ihram.
- The utterance should be in proper Arabic pronunciation.
- The voice should be clearly heard even in a lower tone in such a way that you can hear it yourself.
- The utterance should be while in a standing posture also with quietude and in quietude we mean the constancy of the prayer’s position and body.
- There must be a pause between the takbiratul Ihram and the recitation after it even by a slit period of time.
After the Takbeerat-ul-Ihtram, you recite Surat-ul-Fatiha then recite another full chapter after it, like Suratul Ikhlass for example.
Note that it is obligatory for recite Surat-ul-Fatiha and the proceeding chapter in an audible way during the morning prayer and during the first two units of the sunset and night prayers. Audible recitation is not obligatory for women. It is obligatory on both genders to recite in an inaudible voice in the noon and after noon prayers.
| Bowing (Ruku’):
Then you will bow down before Almighty Allah in the way demonstrated in the photo. and say: "Subhana rabbi al-Adheemi wa bi-Hamdih” :Glory to my Lord, the great and praise be to him, or say “Subhanallah” three times: “Glory be to God”.
The following in obligatory in bowing:
1. Bending down to a level that will allow the fingertips of your hand to reach the knees.
2. Stillness during the above- mentioned recitation of bowing.
Then you raise your head till you stand upright and say: “Sami’Allahu liman Hamidah” :May God accepts from those who praise Him.
Then go down into prostration position and place your forehead, the palms of the hands, your knees and the big toes of your feet on the earth, in the way shown in the photo, and say: "Subhana Rabbi al-A'ala wa bi-Hamdih”: Glory to my Lord, the most high, and praise be to him, or say: “Subhanallah” three times: “Glory be to God”.
Then raise your head and sit up – as in the photo – and then go down again the second time to prostration, and recite what you recited the first time.
The following is obligatory in prostration:
- Stillness during the above mentioned recitation of the prostration.
- The place where you place your forehead should not be lower or higher than the places where you placed the knees, the palms and the big toes of your feet, by more than four finger-widths.
Then you will stand for the second Rak’ah (unit) of the prayer, so stand still; recite Suratul-Fatiha and another chapter, as you did in the first Rak’ah.
In the second Rak’ah, before going to the bowing position, it is recommended to perform the Qunoot, which is turning to Almighty Allah in supplication, which can in any language.
When you have finished the Qunoot, perform the bowing, then stand up again and say: “Sami’Allahu Liman Hamidah”. Then go down for prostration and perform the two prostrations, as you did in the first Rak’ah, and when you sit up from the second prostration, you will recite the testimonies.
It is sufficient to Tashahhud to say: “Ash-hadu An-la Ilaha Illallahu Wahdahu La Shareeka lah, wa Ash’hadu Anna Mohammadan Abdahu wa Rasooluh. Allahumma Salli Ala Mohammsdin wa Aali Mohammad”.
If you were performing the morning prayers, you will proceed to the Salutations.
You will recite:
“Assalamu Alaika Ayyuhan-Nabiyyu wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuh.
Assalamu Alaina wa Ala Ibbadillah- is-Saliheen.
Assalamu Alaikum wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuh”.
By this, you have finished the morning prayer.
- The salutations are obligatory in every prayer and it is its very last part, and by it one completes the prayer.
- Stillness is obligatory in both the testimonies and the salutations.
The Sunset Prayer:
If you are performing the sunset prayer, so because it has the three Rak’ahs, after completing the two Rak’ahs and the testimonies, don’t recite the saluttations. Rather, rise up again for the third Rak’ah, stand still, and recite:
“Subhanallahi, wal-Hamdulillahi, wa La Ilaha Illallhu, Wallahu Akbar.” Recite this once, and it is better to recite it three times, and you may also recite Suratul-Fatiha instead.
It is obligatory to recite this quietly, whatever you chose to recite.
Then bow down and then perform the two prostrations, followed by the testimonies again, and then the salutations; thus the prayer of sunset will be complete.
The Noon, Afternoon and Night Prayers:
These three prayers are of four Rak’ahs each. After the second Rak’ah and the two testimonies, you do not recite the salutations, but stand to perform two more Rak’ahs. In each of them, you recite when standing you are standing “Subhanallahi wal-Hamdulillahi, wa La Ilaha Illallahu Waallahu Akbar,” or Suratul-Fatiha, as explained above. Then you bow and then prostrate twice as mentioned above.
When you have completed these two Rak’ahs, you perform the testimonies and salutations, and you then have completed the four Rak’ahs of any of the noon, the afternoon or the night prayers.
The Excellence of Congregational Prayers:
It is recommended to perform the prayer in a congregation (Jama’ah), as it has a great reward. It has been narrated from the prophet (peace be upon him and his holy progeny) that he said: “A Rak’ah performed by a believer behind an imam (of congregation prayer) is greater than a hundred thousand dinars given away in charity to the poor; and a prostration performed by a believer behind an imam in congregation prayer is greater than freeing a hundred thousand slaves”.
Invalidators of Prayer:
Prayers become invalid and void by the following:
1. If you prayer has not fulfilled one of the required conditions of prayer, like if you prayed without Taharah, or without adequate clothing (i.e. that the man’s private parts are not covered, for example).
2. If the Taharah has been voided by such an occurrence which requires Ghusl – like menses, Istihahadha or Nifas – or by an occurrence which has invalidated one’s Wudhu – like the passing of wind or urination.
3. If you have turned your whole body away from the Qiblah, whether on purpose, by forgetfulness or by necessity.
4. Purposefully talking, even it may be necessary, except if it is the recitation of the Quran, or the mentioning to the name of Allah Almighty and the Prophet (peace be upon him and his holy progeny), or a supplication, or the return of a greeting.
5. Purposefully crying or laughing, with sound, if it is for a worldly matter.
If you have travelled to another town, which is not your home town in which you live, by a total distance of 46 kilometers, including the outgoing and return journeys, you must shorten your noon, afternoon and night prayers i.e. you should pray them all with two Rak’ahs rather than four, just like the morning prayer.
The details are mentioned in the books of Islamic laws.