Ghusl (Ritual Bath):
An individual is required to perform Ghusl when s/he lost the Taharah of the body by being subjected to the following five occurrences:
1. Janabah: The state of Janabah occurs after the release of semen, or with sexual intercourse if the foreskin part of the genitals has penetrated fully, even if the semen is not released. In the latter case Janabah occurs for both parties.
2. Menstruation: it takes place with the discharge of blood during the monthly menses.
3. Nifas: it takes place when the womb discharges blood of childbirth during it or after it.
4. Major and medium Istihadah: Istihadah happens when the womb releases blood that is not that of menstruation, Nifas, wound, ulceration or the one that is the result of the loss of virginity.
5. Touching of a corpse: This is when one touches a dead human body after it becomes cold and before it is bathed.
How to Perform Ghusl:
Intend to perform the ghusl – as you would for wudhu as explained above – and wash your body.
Ghusl can be performed in two ways:
A. Sequential: Firstly, the entire head and neck is washed, then the right side of the rest of the body, then the left side. It is also sufficient in this kind of Ghusl to wash the head first then the entire remaining body, if you want. Do not forget to wash the ears from inside and outside.
B. Immersion: The entire is submerged in the water in one go in such a way that the entire body is washed during such submergence.
Note: it is not a condition in Ghusl to wash the hair but having the water reach the skin under it.
The Conditions of Ghusl:
The Ghusl is conditioned with the same conditions of Wudhu like the sincere attention, not performing the Ghusl in a prohibited way, carrying it out by oneself, the purity of water, and the removal of the any barrier from the body, in addition to the condition of sequence which is applicable in the sequential method of Ghusl, and not in the Immersion method. However, it is not a condition to have the Ghusl done in succession. Unlike the Wudhu, one can have gaps in between the parts of the Ghusl.
1. Kinds of Ghusl that are proven in the religion compensate for the Wudhu, whether they are obligatory - like, the Ghusl for Janabah, menstruation, Istihadha, etc. – or recommended like, the Ghusl on Friday, the one for the Eid, the one for the Ihram during pilgrimage.
2. If there were more than one reason to perform the Ghusl i.e. more than one Ghusl is required, it is sufficient to perform one to compensate for all of them.