HUNTING AND SLAUGHTERING
It is forbidden to consume the dead animal, unless it is killed by hunting or slaughtering in the manner prescribed by the Sharia.
(a) Hunting of those Animals which have Spurting Blood
This is specifically regarding the undomesticated animals which flee from capture, as well as those domesticated animals that have become wild. They may be hunted by dogs or by weaponry.
Ruling 754: If they are hunted by dogs, the dogs should not be very black in colour as an obligatory precaution. The dog should be trained, such that when it is commanded to go after the prey, it goes, and when it is restrained, it stops, even after being sent off by the hunter. Other animals cannot be used for hunting, such as hawks.
Ruling 755: The hunting weapons should have a piercing point, like spears and arrows and bullets with sharply pointed ends, or they should be able to cut through, such as swords.
Ruling 756: In order for the hunted animal to be lawful to consume, the hunter must be a Muslim, he should recite the name of Allah, and he should intend to hunt before the hunt takes place; the animal should die due to the instrument of hunting (i.e. the weapon or the dog); the hunting should not take place within the haram – the sanctified land of Makkah and the specific surrounding areas – nor should the hunter be in the state of ihram.
Ruling 757: The hunted animal does not become lawful to consume unless it is made tahir from najasah, like where there is blood and where the dog has bitten it.
Ruling 758: If the hunter reaches the hunted animal while it is still alive, he will need to slaughter it for it to become tahir and consumable.
(b) Hunting of those Animals without Spurting Blood
This is specifically regarding fish and locusts.
Ruling 759: The locusts are permissible to consume if they are caught alive, and if they die before they are caught they will be unlawful to consume.
Ruling 760: For the fish to become lawful to consume, they should be taken out of the water alive, or caught alive before the water is depleted from them, or caught alive after it is taken out of the water. This may be done by hand, or by casting a net, or the like.
Ruling 761: It is not necessary for the person catching the fish or the locust to be Muslim, nor is it necessary for him to recite the name of Allah, or any other previously mentioned conditions. However, if they are taken from a non-Muslim, they will not be considered lawful to consume unless one knows that he caught them alive, or that the non-Muslim obtained them from a Muslim.
Every animal that has gushing blood, except the dog and pig, can be made tahir by slaughtering in a manner that suits its type, so it does not become a najis corpse. It does not become lawful to eat unless it is amongst those animals those meat are lawful to eat.
(a) The Method of Slaughtering
Ruling 762: It is necessary for the slaughtering to be done from the front of the neck, so that the passages of the food, blood and air are cut through, rather than incised. The slaughtering does not take place unless the head is cut from below the larynx. As an obligatory precaution, the head should not be fully cut off nor should its spinal cord be cut before the animal dies, although doing so does not make the animal unlawful to consume.
Ruling 763: If the animal is a camel, then the way it is slaughtered is different: a sharp pointed weapon – like a spear, lance or knife – should be thrust into the hollow between its neck and chest.
(b) The Conditions of Slaughtering
Ruling 764: The following conditions of slaughtering must be adhered to:
(1) The slaughterer must be Muslim;
(2) He must have the intention to slaughter;
(3) The slaughtering should take place with iron blade or point, except if it is not possible to find such a weapon when one is intending to slaughter;
(4) The legs and throat of the animal should be directed towards the qibla.
(5) The slaughterer should recite the name of Allah while he is slaughtering the animal;
(6) The animal should be alive before the slaughter;
(7) The blood should come out in the usual manner;
(8) The animal should show some movement after being slaughtered, even if it is minor movement, like the movement of the eye or leg.
Ruling 765: It is recommended that the animal is led to being slaughtered with gentleness, that water is presented to it before the slaughter and that the blade is sharpened and the slaughter is done quickly to make it easier for the animal.