Office Of Grand Ayatollah Sayyid M.S.Al-Hakeem - Books-Muslims Guide: Guidance and Edicts - Chapter Fifteen

Books Muslims Guide: Guidance and EdictsChapter Fifteen

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Chapter Sixteen

It is expected that viewpoints among the faithful will vary and trends will be many. This happens everywhere, but the problem among your members in this regard is more complicated due to your distance from the centers of their original culture, and because there are no common rules of conducts that force themselves strongly. Anyhow, we would like to emphasize the following:
Firstly: Decision making and adopting of a particular viewpoint, after resorting to Allah Almighty and seeking success from Him, should be based on verification and not made hastily. Attention should be made to seek the pleasure of Allah Almighty, to reform the creed and the believers, to perform the duty in this regard distantly from outside impulses and individualistic interests, material whimsical benefits, such as the desire for distinction and control or to give other sides a hard time or any low wishful desire, for Allah Almighty is above everything; to Him everything is referred; He knows what the hearts hide, what the inner intentions are. Our Imams (peace be upon them) have very strongly warned us about all these things.
For example, in the authenticated narration of Mu'ammar ibn Khallad, Imam Abul-Hassan [Ali ibn Abu Talib] (peace be upon him) once heard the name of a man being mentioned. He said, "He loves to preside over others.” Then the Imam (peace be upon him) said, "No two wolves in a cattle divide their shepherds and create more harm than love for presiding in matters relevant to a Muslim's creed."[i]
In a tradition narrated by Abu Mayyah, the latter quotes his father citing Imam Ja'far al-Sadiq (peace be upon him) saying, "One who seeks to preside over others will [sooner or later] perish."[ii]
Abu al-Rabee' al-Shami quotes Imam al-Baqir (peace be upon him) as saying, "Woe unto you, O Abul-Rabee'! Do not seek presidency; do not be a wolf, and do not let people consume what belongs to us else Allah should condemn you with poverty."[iii]
A tradition narrated by al-Qasim ibn Awn, Imam al-Sajjad, Zainul-Abidin (peace be upon him), is quoted as saying the following among other statements: "Beware of imposing your authority, for Allah will then debase you. Beware of consuming what belongs to others, for Allah will then increase your poverty. Be informed that if you are a tail in goodness, it is better for you than being a head in evil."[iv] And there are many others.
Secondly: Keep violence away while trying to impose a viewpoint on others. Respect others' opinion and feeling, and deal with them gently, sensibly and with an open heart. In the authenticated narration of Zurarah, Imam al-Baqir (peace be upon him) is quoted as having said that the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him and his progeny) had said, "Gentleness is never placed anywhere except that it beautifies it, and it is not removed from anywhere except that it is disgraced."[v]
In the authenticated narration of Mu'ath ibn Muslim, Imam al-Sadiq (peace be upon him) is quoted citing the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him and his progeny) as saying, "Gentleness is blessing, and recklessness is misfortune.”
And in the reliable narration of Al-Sukuni from him (peace be upon him): The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him and his progeny) said: “The best of actions is being fair to people with regard to your own self, consoling your brother in Allah and remembering Allah in all circumstances."[vi] So, just as one does not accept an opinion being imposed on him by someone else with insistence and violence, he likewise should not impose his opinion on others with insistence and violence.
Thirdly: Differences of viewpoints must not lead to severing ties and going in opposite directions. Rather, all should maintain their brotherhood in faith and their unity under the shade of Ahl al-Bayt (peace be upon them) with an attempt to decrease the intensity of differences, bringing viewpoints closer to each other, paying attention to common aspects about which everyone agrees, serving them while each side keeps his viewpoint to himself or invites others to adopt it in the best of ways. Thus you will remain united, your affairs reformed, your Lord, the Great and Mighty One, will thus be pleased with you and so will His Prophet (peace be upon him and his progeny) and the Pure Ahl al-Bayt (peace be upon them).
"And together hold fast to the bond of Allah, and do not be divided among yourselves, and remember God's favor unto you” (Qur'an, 3:103).

[i]Wasaail Al-Shi'a, Vol. 11, p. 279.
[ii]Ibid., Vol. 11, p. 280.
[iii]Al-Kafi, Vol. 2, p. 298; Wasaail Al-Shi'a, Vol. 11, p. 280.
[iv]Wasaail Al-Shi'a, Vol. 11, p. 281.
[v]Ibid., Vol. 11, p. 214.
[vi]Ibid., Vol. 11, p. 225.

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