Q7. What is the ruling of conducting transactions through the internet using banking card?
Performing transactions through such means is valid if other conditions are met, since the mentioned connection is sufficient to form the contract. Therefore, this type of transaction falls under the general laws of validity of contracts making it binding on all parties concerned.
Q8: What is the religious ruling in regards to forming marriage contracts over the internet?
It would not be sufficient when forming marriage contracts through the internet, since verbal pronunciation is a condition in them, in such a way that the acceptance (of the man) is based on the offer (of the woman) and this cannot be achieved through such means. It would be sufficient and the contract is valid if the dialogue was live and verbal between the two sides, like a telephone conversation.
Q9: What is the ruling of representing others and mediating between them in transactions over the internet? Nowadays, the individual can propose to one side and link him with the other side and deserve to charge a commission, even if only one side knows that the individual was mediating. Similar kinds of mediation are there throughout the internet. What is the ruling of the financial profit that can be generated this way?
There is nothing wrong with all of this and money can be charged in return for this work after agreement with the intended party.
As for the party that does not know, it is not permissible to charge him except if the said party obligated himself to pay whoever finds and connects him to another party of the transaction through the internet, as this is a form of unilateral contracts. Taking money from him in such a case is permissible due to his mentioned obligation.
Q10: What is the ruling on earning money by surfing the internet where the individual creates an account and certain amount of money is deposited in it for each visit he makes to certain websites?
Nothing is wrong by taking the money if visiting the particular page is allowed and if there is no religious obstacle against this act – like the propagation of falsehood – whether the money is paid in lieu of visiting the site or like a gift of encouragement.
If visiting the site is forbidden, then taking the money is not allowed if it was in lieu of such a visit since it is would be taking money falsely. However, it is allowed if it was as a gift or prize. However, it might be allowed to take the money regardless if the recipient does not intent to form a religiously recognized transaction when the sharia does not recognize the ownership of the other party. The same thing can be said if the payer’s ownership is recognized but his creed obligated him to pay the money.